The 2020 calendar year will long be remembered as an annus horribilis for most, except for a handful of technology companies that reaped the rewards of a global shift to remote work with successful initial public offerings (IPOs).
US companies alone raised a record $435 billion in stock sales in 2020, with more than a quarter of that figure coming from IPOs — far outstripping 2014’s mark of $279 billion, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The vast majority of those new listings defined themselves as technology companies.
Cloud-based software firms like Zoom, Snowflake, Asana, Airbnb, and Palantir all performed particularly well, and continue to see their stock price flourish as remote work and e-commerce continue to be the norm for many in 2021.
The question now is whether this trend will until the end of the year. There were a host of companies eying a debut in 2021 to take advantage of favorable conditions. But, as with all market debuts, timing matters, with a number of industry analysts worried at the beginning of 2021 about a bubble.
Here are the biggest technology IPOs of the year so far.
Internet of things (IoT) company Samsara saw a strong IPO on Dec. 15. After pricing its shares at the top end of its range at $23, share prices immediately rose by 7% to $24.90, valuing the company at $12 billion.
Based in San Francisco, Samsara focuses on the software and hardware required for IoT connected vehicles and industrial assets, giving customers a platform to collect and analyze that data.
Open-source software company HashiCorp enjoyed a solid public debut on Dec. 9, where its stock debuted on the Nasdaq above expectations at $80 a share and rose by as much as 10% on the first day of trading. It closed the day at $85, valuing the company at $14 billion.
Founded in 2012 by college friends Mitchell Hashimoto and Armon Dadgar, HashiCorp is best known for its various open-source software products, such as the hugely popular infrastructure-as-code tool Terraform, password-management tool Vault and container-management tool Nomad. The company is based in San Francisco, but is “remote-first” for its 1,500 employees.
Marketing software company Braze saw its shares rise by as much as 44% during a brisk first day of trading on the Nasdaq in November. Having initially priced its IPO at $65, shares rose to $93, valuing the company at $8.4 billion.
The New York-based company specializes in customer engagement data, helping brands such as HBO Max, Sephora, and Grubhub better understand their customers and boost their online marketing efforts.
Cloud data and backup specialist Backblaze wasn’t the splashiest tech IPO of the year when it debuted on the Nasdaq on Nov. 11, where it raised a modest $100 million. Shares did climb by as much as 24% on the first day of trading, however, valuing the company at $650 million.
Expense management software company Expensify debuted on the Nasdaq in November, with shares listing at $27, valuing the company at $2.2 billion. (They rose by as much as 45% to $39 a share on its first day of trading.) Founded in 2008 in Portland, OR, the fintech company specializes in receipt tracking and expense management software for individuals and businesses.
Online education company Udemy endured a tough market debut at the end of October, where its shares quickly dipped below its listing price of $29, closing the first day of trading down at $27, valuing the San Francisco-based company at $3.7 billion.
Chipmaker GlobalFoundries sold 55 million shares on its Oct. 28 Nasdaq debut at $47 each, the top end of its expected range of $42 to $47. The price fluctuated during the first day of trading, dropping by as much as 5.3% before rebounding to end the day down 1.3%. That put the company’s value at around $25 billion. It was the third biggest technology IPO of the year to date, trailing only the South Korean e-commerce firm Coupang and Chinese ride-hailing company DiDi.
Based in New York, the chip manufacturer was born out of the manufacturing arm of chip giant AMD in 2009, and is owned by Mubadala Investment Company, the sovereign wealth fund of the United Arab Emirates.
Data management specialist Informatica went public for the second time on Oct.28, with the stock opening at $29 per share — the bottom of its expected range of $29 to $32. That put the company’s value at $7.9 billion. Shares fell by as much as 5% during its first day of trading, before rebounding to settle near its listing price of $29.
Founded in 1993, the California-based company went public for the first time in 1999, before going private again in 2015 to focus on cloud data management and a subscription-based consumption model.
Developer collaboration platform GitLab saw a strong IPO in October. Shares, initially priced at $77 on the Nasdaq, jumped by as much as 35% on the first day of trading to $104. That put the company’s value at just short of $15 billion.
Broadly speaking, the GitHub competitor started life by focusing on an open source private code repository — as opposed to the Microsoft-owned GitHub, which is by far the most popular place for public repositories. GitLab then extended into the entire software development lifecycle, from source code management to deployment, security and monitoring, through what it calls the Devops Platform. There are more subtle differences between the platforms, as explained by Hacktivist.
Analytics software company Amplitude debuted on the Nasdaq through a direct listing in September — meaning no new shares were sold — following the lead of collaboration software maker Asana last year. (Both share a major investor: Benchmark Capital.)
Shares in the San Francisco-based company opened at $50 and rose by 9% to close at $54.80, valuing the company at about $7 billion. Amplitude specializes in product analytics, which helps businesses track visitor behavior to their digital products so that they can be measured and optimized. At the time of its IPO, Amplitude counted companies like Ford, Walmart and Atlassian as customers.
Toast, which provides various software products to restaurant owners, including payments processing, successfully floated on the New York Stock Exchange on Sept. 22 at $40 per share, well above its expected range of $34 to $36, valuing the company at $20 billion. Shares continued to rise by as much as 56% on its first day of trading, with an implied valuation of $31 billion.
The Boston, MA-based company, which currently only serves US-based customers, had to ride out a tough pandemic, where it slashed employee numbers and saw transaction volumes plummet.
Enterprise software maker Freshworks saw a strong IPO on Sept. 22, with shares opening at $43.50, 21% above expectations, valuing the company at $12 billion. Prior to trading on the Nasdaq, the company had already upped its initial stock price to $36, above its expected range of $32 to $34.
Founded in India and now based in San Mateo, CA, the Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) firm competes with Salesforce, Zoho, and other smaller players in the CRM, HR, marketing, and IT service management space. It primarily counts smaller businesses as customers, which at the time of its IPO included Bridgestone, Blue Nile, and UK broadcaster ITV.
Software consultancy Thoughtworks had a strong IPO in September, when shares rose 24% on its Nasdaq debut. The stock opened at $26, well above its expected range of $18 to $20, valuing the company at nearly $9 billion.
Founded in Chicago in 1993, Thoughtworks was a contributor to the growing popularity of agile methodologies in software development thanks to employees like Martin Fowler and Jim Highsmith. It counts companies such as Kroger, Daimler, and PayPal as customers.
Identity software maker ForgeRock had a solid debut when it listed on the New York Stock Exchange on Sept. 16, with shares rising by as much as 46%.
The San Francisco-based company saw its shares list at $25, which was above its expected range of $21 to $24, before closing at $36.50. That places the company’s value at just shy of $3 billion.
NoSQL database specialist Couchbase saw its stock price jump by as much as 39% on its July 22 market debut, valuing the company at more than $1 billion. Initially priced at $24 a share on the Nasdaq exchange, stock in the company jumped to $33.25 a share on its first day of trading, up 38.5%, before settling closer to $30 at the end of the day.
Couchbase provides managed NoSQL database services and competes with the likes of Oracle and MongoDB, which had its own blockbuster IPO in 2017 and now boasts a market cap value of $23 billion.
UK fintech success story Wise floated on the London Stock Exchange on July 7 as a direct listing –meaning no new shares were sold — at a starting price of ?8 ($11) per share before rising 10% to ?8.88 during its first day of trading. That put the company’s value at ?8 billion ($11 billion) making it the biggest ever tech float on the LSE.
Founded by two Estonians and formerly known as TransferWise, the fintech firm is best known for its online international money transfer and cross border payments services.
Cybersecurity firm SentinelOne closed its June 30 debut on the New York Stock Exchange up 20% at $42.50 per share, well above its expected range of $31 to $32 per share — valuing the company at $10 billion. That far surpassed rival firm CrowdStrike’s blockbuster $6.7 billion debut in 2019.
Founded in Israel and now based in California, SentinelOne specializes in endpoint security, using machine learning techniques to combat cyberattacks under its Singularity platform product. It competes with the likes of UK-based Darktrace, which also floated this year, and CrowdStrike.
SentinelOne had raised $267 million on a $3.1 billion valuation just last November, but still runs at a loss, posting a net loss of $64 million in the last quarter.
Confluent floated at $36 per share on June 23, well above its listing price range of $29 to $33 a share, valuing the company at $9 billion.
The Mountain View, CA-based company provides customers with an enterprise version of the popular open source Kafka streaming data platform. The technology is used by retailers, automotive makers, banks, and other enterprises to gain faster insights into their business than traditional “data at rest” analytical approaches, and by app developers as a way to power performant event-driven applications.
Customer experience software maker Sprinklr priced its shares at $16 at its IPO in June, below its target range of $18 to $20, valuing the company at $4 billion.
Best known for its social media management, advertising, and content marketing tools, Sprinklr counts some of the biggest brands in the world as clients. It had revenues of $387 million for the latest financial year at a net loss of $41 million.
Israeli workplace management software maker Monday.com floated on the Nasdaq on June 10 at $155 a share, rising to $174 on the first day of trading. That puts the company value at $7.6 billion.
The cloud-based platform allows companies to create customizable project management tools and competes with the likes to Trello and Asana, the latter of which had a market cap of $10 billion at the time of the IPO.
Online job search engine ZipRecruiter floated via a direct listing on the New York Stock Exchange in May, with stock jumping 17% to $21 a share, valuing the company at $2.4 billion.
Website builder Squarespace floated on the New York Stock exchange via a direct listing in May, with the stock falling 13% on debut to $43.65 per share, valuing the company at $6.4 billion — well below expectations.
Founded in 2003 by Anthony Casalena as a blog out of his University of Maryland dorm room, the website building and hosting firm is well known to podcast listeners everywhere as its ads became ubiquitous with the medium. The company has also been consistently profitable, pulling in a net income of $30.6 million in the last financial year.
The rumors were true. EQT, the Swedish-based private equity firm, spun out the Linux distributor SUSE in a May IPO on the Frankfurt exchange. The debut itself was fairly muted, with the stock climbing just above its EUR30 issue price, valuing the company at EUR5 billion ($6.1 billion).
Having established itself as an enterprise Linux specialist, SUSE has evolved with the times, now focusing on helping customers navigate the container era, a shift which culminated with the acquisition of Kubernetes specialist Rancher Labs in July 2020.
UK cybersecurity company Darktrace floated on the London Stock Exchange on Apri 30l, with shares rising by as much as 43% to ?3.58 on the first day of trading. That’s up from its guide price of ?2.50, giving the company a value of around ?2.4 billion.
Founded in 2013 by a group of mathematicians and ex-Intelligence agents, the Cambridge-based firm uses machine learning techniques to analyze enterprise data to help detect and respond to cyber security threats. It generated revenue of almost $200 million in revenue in its latest financial year, running a small profit of $9 million.
Darktrace is also still grappling with an association with founding investor Mike Lynch, who faces extradition to the US over charges of fraud related to Hewlett-Packard’s $11 billion acquisition of his company Autonomy.
The cybersecurity company followed in the footsteps of Trustpilot and PensionBee in recent solid tech floats on the London exchange, all of which fared better than food delivery company Deliveroo, which had a disastrous debut.
UK-based Fintech company PensionBee successfully floated on the London Stock Exchange on April 21, pricing shares at ?1.65, somewhere in the middle of its pre-IPO range of ?1.55-?1.75. That put the company’s value at ?365 million.
The core PensionBee product allows customers to consolidate various pensions into a single plan, accessible through web and mobile apps.
UiPath closed its first day of trading on the New York Stock Exchange at $69 on April 21, up 23% from its guide price of $52-$54 and valuing the software company at $35.8 billion. The company last raised $750 million in Series F funding in February 2021, at a post-money valuation of $35 billion.
Founded in Romania in 2005, UiPath specializes in Robotic Process Automation (RPA) software, which promises to do away with repetitive menial tasks to free up employee time. Customers include the likes of Cleveland Clinic, which used UiPath software to register patients attending COVID-19 testing sites and automatically print labels.
UiPath has quickly rising revenues, at $608 million for the last financial year, running at a narrowing net loss of $92 million, down from $519.9 million in 2019.
Coinbase, the company behind the popular cryptocurrency exchange, floated on the Nasdaq on April 14, with shares jumping by as much as 71% on debut, up from its reference price of $250. The stock closed its first day at $328.28, valuing the company at $85.8 billion; that’s more than double the market cap of Swiss mining giant Glencore or America’s oldest bank BNY Mellon.
Coinbase opted for a direct listing instead of a traditional IPO, where no new shares are created and no underwriters are involved — that route has proved popular in the past with tech companies like Spotify, Slack, and Palantir.
Based in San Francisco, Coinbase has 6 million monthly active users who trade cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum on its platform. The company garnered headlines in 2020 when CEO Brian Armstrong published a controversial blog post banning employees from discussing or engaging with social or political causes. This week, he became one of America’s richest entrepreneurs.
Coinbase made $1.3 billion in revenue in its last financial year — up from $534 million the previous year — turning a profit of $322 million in 2020 after losing $30 million in 2019, according to a filing with US securities regulators.
Online learning platform Coursera debuted on the New York Stock Exchange on March 31, closing at $45 which was up 36% from its debut price, valuing the company at $5.9 billion.
Founded in 2012 by former two computer science professors, Coursera has become a leader in online learning, a market which boomed during the COVID-19 pandemic.
DigitalOcean had a disappointing float on the New York Stock Exchange on March 24, with its stock sinking 9.6% on its first day. The New York-based cloud firm initially priced its IPO at $47, which was on the top end of the expected range of $44 to $47. It closed its first day at $42.50 a share, valuing the company at $4.5 billion.
DigitalOcean promises a simple platform for software developers to quickly spin up and host applications in the cloud on virtual private servers (VPS); it competes with the big cloud providers like AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud, and other Platform as a Service providers such as Heroku, a Salesforce company, and VPS vendors like Linode.
Like many tech companies at IPO, DigitalOcean is not profitable, having registered a net loss of $44 million on revenue of $318 million in 2020.
Reviews website Trustpilot floated on the London Stock Exchange on March 23, where its stock surged by as much as 11% on debut, hitting ?2.95 a share, up from its offer price of ?2.65 ($3.65). That puts the company value at ?1.1 billion.
The Danish firm collates independent reviews for online businesses and counted as many as 120 million reviews by the end of 2020, for everything from utilities providers to yoga studios. It makes money by selling subscriptions to businesses who want to engage with consumer reviews in their marketing campaigns. Its revenue was up 25% in 2020, reaching $102 million at a loss of $12.2 million.
Food-ordering software maker Olo raised $450 million in an initial public offering on March 17. The New York-based SaaS company sold 18 million shares at $25 each, above its pre-IPO range of $20 to $22, valuing the company at $3.55 billion.
Olo software powers loyalty programs and allows restaurants to manage orders and menus and currently counts a range of US-based customers including Five Guys, California Pizza Kitchen, and The Cheesecake Factory.
Utah-based software company Qualtrics went public on Jan. 28, just two years after its $8 billion acquisition by German software giant SAP on the eve of its first planned IPO in 2018.
Qualtrics initially priced its IPO at $30 per share, which was the top end of its expected range, before popping a massive 52% on its Nasdaq debut. It closed at $45.50 a share, valuing the firm at $27.3 billion.
Founded by brothers Ryan and Jared Smith alongside their father and fourth co-founder Stuart Orgill, Qualtrics started life as an online survey software provider before growing into a platform for large companies like Disney, BMW and Adidas to collect a variety of “experience data” from employees and customers.
Qualtrics fared pretty well as part of the SAP family, growing revenue 30% in the first three quarters of 2020 to $550 million. It did continue to operate at a loss of $244 million however, with $218 million of stock-based compensation skewing that number pretty dramatically.
SAP will maintain majority ownership of the vendor post-IPO, and private equity firm Silver Lake now owns a little over 4% of the stock. Ryan Smith has somewhat stepped away from the day-to-day running of Qualtrics since taking majority ownership of the NBA team the Utah Jazz last year.
Still to list
Other companies rumored to be lining up a 2021 IPO include Instacart, ZipRecruiter, Coursera, Bumble, Squarespace, and Coinbase.